New legislation was passed by the Spanish government in April and the certificates grade a property’s energy and carbon emissions based on the way it is being used.
The certificate shows energy efficiency on a scale of A to G, similar to the system used for electrical appliances and brings Spain into line with other European countries such as the UK and France.
It informs potential buyers or tenants on insulation efficiency and consumption of electricity and gas and became compulsory on 01 June and the fine for failing to provide one is €3,000.
The energy rating must be displayed in advertising material. The data is
purely informative for potential buyers or tenants. In the case of a low rating
owners will not be obliged to carry out improvements, unless, that is, they
want to move up into a higher category. The certificate will be valid for 10 years and can be provided by
professionals such as architects, technical architects, and industrial
engineers. Once obtained, the certification must be registered with the corresponding authority.
All countries in the European Union are compelled to sign up for a 2007 EU Directive on Energy as part of a strategy to deal with climate change and sees the introduction of the energy certificates.
There are exceptions. For example, the law will not apply to some tourist accommodation, properties occupied for less than four months a year and properties whose energy consumption is less than 25% of what it would be for a whole year.
Many estate agents believe the move will see older properties being better insulated as a poor rating could be used by a buyer to lower the price. ‘This law is necessary in order to bring Spain up to European levels in the fight to reduce CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. The law is already in practice on the island of Mallorca and has proved that energy efficient homes can reduce electricity bills and will lead to higher real estate quality and transparency in Spain.